Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Causes, Symptoms and preventions

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Causes, Symptoms and preventions

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Urinary tract infection has been one of the most dangerous disease bordering our society. It is caused by microbes such as bacteria overcoming the body’s defenses in the urinary tract. This bacteria is also likely to affect the bladder, kidney and tubes.

Persons of any age and sex can develop a Urinary Tract Infection. However, in the cases of women, chances of acquiring a UTI is very high. This is the reason why women are often advised to wipe from front to back and not back to front after using the bathroom. Reason for this is that, the tube that transports urine from the bladder to the outside of the body which is the urethra, is located close to the anus.

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 Women have shorter urethras which makes it easier for bacteria to have its way to the bladder but in the cases of men, the opening of the urethra is at the end of the penis so rarely do men experience this situation as compared to men.

Symptoms of this infection may include one feeling a burning sensation whiles urinating, frequent urge to urinate, cloudy, dark, bloody or strange smelling urine, pain or pressure in the back or lower abdomen, and even feeling tired.

General causes of urinary tract infection may include frequent sexual intercourse especially with multiple sexual partners, poor personal hygiene, Diabetes, bowel incontinence, blocked flow of urine, having a urinary catheter, some forms of contraception’s, the usage of spermicides and tampons, and even pregnancy.

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Several measures have however been identified to reduce the risk of one developing a UTI and they include a person developing the habit of drinking more water and urinating frequently, avoiding fluids such as alcohol and caffeine that can easily irritate the bladder, urinating shortly after sex, wiping from front to back, usage of sanitary pads instead of tampons, avoiding the usage of diaphragm or spermicide for birth control, and also one must keep the genital areas clean.

Experts say that, when diagnosed of this infection, full course of treatment should be completed to fully get rid of the infection in order to avoid any further damage to the body.

STORY BY; JULIANA MENSAH (LEVEL 300JNB)

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