The Harmful Effects of Alcohol

The Harmful Effects of Alcohol

- in Health
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Alcohol can be described as any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group is bound to a saturated carbon atom. People drink alcohol-infused beverages to reduce stress and others drink it for fun.

The short and long term effects of alcohol on the human body, one’s lifestyle and mental health are numerous and grave. To begin with, alcohol interferes with the brain’s communication pathways and can affect the way the brain looks and works. These disruptions can change mood and behavior and make it harder for the consumer to think clearly and move with coordination.

Ingesting a lot of alcohol excessively or over a long time can damage the heart and can lead to liver inflammations. It can also expose one to cancers, making them more prone to attracting certain cancers. The excessive intake of alcohol also has the power to weaken one’s immune system, making the body an easier target for diseases.

Speaking to, a regular consumer of alcoholic beverages, Samuel Mensah, shared his reasons for his regular consumption of alcohol, despite the harmful side effects attached.

“Alcohol helps me to relax after a hard day and also grants me the opportunity to socialize with friends. I don’t consider the side effects because I regularly visit the hospital for check-ups.”

Meanwhile, a non-alcoholic beverage consumer, Madam Rebecca, explained that because of the negative side effects of alcohol, she does not drink it at all. Another reason she gave was the strong scent of alcohol which she cannot stand.

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A nurse at the New Crystal Hospital in Tema, Sandra Ofori, explained to that alcohol “is classified as a depressant, meaning, it slows down vital functions resulting in slurred speech, unsteady movement, disturbed perceptions and the inability to react quickly. Although classified as a depressant, the amount of alcohol consumed determines the type of effect. Most people drink it for the stimulant effect, such as a bottle of beer or glass of wine taken in to loosen up. But if a person consumes more than the body can handle, they then experience alcohol’s depressant effect. Furthermore, an alcohol overdose causes even more severe depressant effects. These effects, however, depend on how much alcohol is consumed and how quickly it is ingested.”

Story by: Ofori Angelina (Diploma 1 B)

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