Most parents in Ghana seem to be shy to discuss matters of sex with their kids. In the same vain most teenagers find it extremely difficult to talk to their parents about their sexual life.
According to a study of the Ghana Education curriculum for Basic Education there is no comprehensive course for pupils for sexuality education. Due to this, it makes it difficult to effectively deliver or teach sexual and reproductive health lessons to pupils in class.
Issahaku Yakubu Deliman, a facilitator of My World and My Life (MWML) says he cannot bodily mention words like vagina, penis, clitoris before the pupils in class since these words are considered culturally sensitive and unsuitable for young people.
Sex education is the learning and teaching of body development, sex, sexuality and sexual relationships including skills-building to help young people communicate and make decisions regarding sex and their sexual health.
Sex education was prevalent in Ghanaian culture. It is evident in festivals like the ‘dipo’ rites of the krobos and the ‘bragoro’ of the Akans.
In modern times, and with the arrival of Christianity and Islam the issues about sex have become difficult topics for parents to discuss. The problem is many parents are afraid to talk to their kids about sex because they don't want to say “too much too soon” and this often turns into “too little too late”.
Speaking to some adolescents on the street of Osu, here are their views on sex education;
“The first time I heard the word ‘sex' was on a television program. My parents never discussed sex related issues with me. I think it is the responsibility of parents to educate their children on issues of sex.
“The first time I heard about sex was from my friends. My parents and teachers never discussed sex related issues. Sometimes when I am watching a television program with my mum and it gets to a sex scene she tunes the television program to another channel. So I think it is the responsibility of both parents and teachers to educate kids on sex issues”.
“My mum discussed sex related issue with me at the age of 13 when I had my first menstrual experience. Due to this, I had much knowledge on sex. I think it is the sole responsibility of parents to educate their children about sex”.
Organizations like My World and My Life are helping a project to be implemented by Savannah Signatures to help teachers to be bold to teach issues relating to sexuality and entreat pupils about sexual and reproductive health that bothers their mind.
Story by:Elizabeth Abbam( level 300 PR B)
and Abena Akyaa Abrokwah(level 300 JN C)